lunes, 2 de diciembre de 2013
Nazis initiate use of gas vans to eliminate mental patients
In October 1939, the Nazis started murdering mentally ill patients, patients with hereditary diseases, people with disabilities, "asocial elements" (criminals, employees evading work), homosexuals, sick soldiers, residents in welfare institutions, concentration camp prisoners, foreign workers and others, as part of the "Euthanasia Project". The murders, executed by shooting, gas or lethal injection, were carried out by several hundred doctors, nurses and administrators, as per an order from Hitler. The project did not have an official budget, and some of the murderers - government officials - took on assumed identities in order to preserve the secrecy of the murders. To prevent pangs of conscience, the murderers were supplied with alcohol, and received generous wages and extra days off.
On 2 December, gas vans were introduced, and by the summer of 1941, more than 100,000 people had been murdered. Following a public outcry, Hitler officially ordered a halt to the murders in the summer of 1941, but they continued clandestinely until the end of the war.
Source: Yad Vashem Timeline