lunes, 17 de junio de 2013

Margot Woelk, la joven a la que obligaban a probar la comida de Hitler


Uno de los mayores temores de cualquier líder político, presidente de una nación, rey o dictador es ser asesinado a través del veneno que alguien ponga en su comida.
A lo largo de la Historia, muchos han sido los que han muerto de esta forma y no hace demasiado tiempo os hablábamos en este blog sobre Locusta, considerada como ‘la primera asesina en serie de la Historia’ y cuyos servicios fueron contratados por Agripina la Menor y su hijo Nerón para envenenar a sus rivales políticos.
Desde siempre, y para evitar morir envenenados, la mayoría de gobernantes han tenido a su disposición personas que se dedicaban a probar todo lo que debía ser ingerido, dándose en la Historia multitud de casos en el que no se pudo llevar a término el magnicidio deseado.
Como no podía ser menos, Adolf Hitler era uno de esos personajes colocado en el punto de mira de muchas personas que quisieron acabar con él a lo largo de los años en los que se mantuvo en el poder y por tal motivo contaba con una serie de medidas de seguridad que lo mantenían a salvo de sufrir un atentado, accidente fortuito o envenenamiento.
Quince jóvenes veinteañeras formaban el grupo destinado a probar todos los alimentos que se cocinaban y que debían ser ingeridos por Hitler y sus acompañantes en la Wolfsschanze ("la Guarida del Lobo"), el nombre en clave de uno de los mayores cuarteles militares en el que solían reunirse.
Todas ellas eran muchachas que habían sido reclutadas a la fuerza y les tocó la angustiosa tarea de catar todo aquello que se serviría en el plato del Führer.
Margot Woelk a sus 95 años todavía recuerda con angustia su etapa como catadora de la …
Margot Woelk fue una de esas chicas obligadas a probar la comida del líder nazi y única superviviente de las que formaron el grupo de catadoras. En la actualidad tiene 95 años y a través de varias entrevistas que ha concedido recientemente, ha explicado cómo todavía recuerda la angustia y temblores que le entraban cada vez que la plantaban frente a las bandejas de comida y debía probar un poco de cada una.

Todo lo cocinado eran ricos y sabrosos manjares que harían disfrutar a cualquier comensal, pero la sola idea de pensar que alguien podría haber puesto veneno en alguno de aquellos alimentos, para acabar con la vida del líder nacionalsocialista, le hacía entrar un angustioso pánico, el cual le perduró a lo largo de muchos años después de haber vivido aquella terrible experiencia.
Los menús de Hitler se componían básicamente de sopas, frutas, legumbres y verduras, ya que el Führer era un acérrimo defensor de la dieta vegetariana y entre sus proyectos, tras el fin de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, estaba el convertir a todos los territorios pertenecientes al Tercer Reich en sociedades vegetarianas, descartando de las dietas cualquier tipo de carne y pescado.
Tuvo la desgracia de tener que ejercer esa ingrata labor entre los años 1941 y 1944, aunque admite que, dentro de la desdicha, tuvo suerte al ser la única del grupo que logró salvar su vida. El resto de sus compañeras no murieron envenenadas, pero perdieron la vida tras la entrada de los soviéticos y ser fusiladas por éstos.
Margot Woelk corrió mejor suerte y logró escapar gracias a la ayuda y complicidad de un teniente del ejército nazi que la subió a un tren rumbo a Berlín y poder dejar atrás la horrible experiencia que vivió a lo largo de los últimos tres años.
Fuentes: dailymail / huffingtonpost

'I was Hitler's food taster'


German woman, 95, reveals her terror at testing paranoid Führer's meals during Second World War


  • Margot Woelk was forced to risk her life tasting food made for Nazi leader
  • Now 95-year-old has revealed fear she felt performing bizarre role in WWII
  • Mrs Woelk was one of 15 women tasked with sampling Hitler's meals

Taster: Margot Woelk had to taste Adolf Hitler's food before he ate it to ensure it was not poisoned
Taster: Margot Woelk had to taste Adolf Hitler's food before he ate it to ensure it was not poisoned
This is the woman tasked with tasting Adolf Hitler's meals to ensure the Fuhrer's food was not poisoned.

For more than two years Margot Woelk risked her life by sampling food prepared for Hitler at his Eastern front HQ dubbed the Wolf's Lair.

The now 95-year-old was picked up by the SS in 1942 after being evacuated from Berlin to the East Prussian village of Gross Partsch - in modern-day Poland - where she was set to work tasting fresh produce to be served up to the paranoid Nazi leader.

Mrs Woelk was one of 15 women forced to test Hitler's food before it passed his lips at the Rastenburg base.

As her fellow Germans were existing on rations, Mrs Woelk feasted on fresh fruit and vegetables, including asparagus, peppers and peas.

But the now elderly woman has revealed the fear she felt at sampling the leader's meals during the Second World War, saying: 'We had no choice'.

Mrs Woelk's mother-in-law had offered her a place to stay in the countryside when her husband Karl left to join the fighting and a bomb tore the roof from her Berlin apartment, leaving the secretary homeless.

But shortly after she arrived she was earmarked by the SS to perform the bizarre role alongside 14 other unwilling female food tasters.

Mrs Woelk told the Times: 'Of course I was afraid. If it [the food] had been poisoned I would not be here today. We were forced to eat it, we had no choice.'

Hitler would only deign to touch his food after all 15 women had sampled it and at least an hour had elapsed, she explained.


Eating: Hitler with his mistress Eva Braun. Every meal the dictator had was tasted to make sure he was not poisoned
Eating: Hitler with his mistress Eva Braun. Every meal the dictator had was tasted to make sure he was not poisoned

'Between 11 and 12 o'clock, we had to taste the food, and only after all 15 of us had tried it was it driven to the headquarters by the SS,' Mrs Woelk said.

'It was all vegetarian, the most delicious fresh things, from asparagus to peppers and peas, served with rice, and salads. It was all arranged on one plate, just as it was served to him.'

Mrs Woelk, who was not required to taste meat or fish as the leader was a vegetarian, had to report every day, but was only used when Hitler's personal train was in the station. She said she had been rounded up by the SS because the Nazi leader wanted only 'good German stock' testing his food.

There was always an hour's delay before Hitler tucked into his meal so that any effects of the food on the women could be seen, she said.

Mrs Woelk told the Daily Express she and her husband had been 'just two people trying to survive' when the Nazis arrived, and that neither had been party members.

Despite coming to feel like a 'laboratory rabbit' Mrs Woelk said she quickly learned 'you didn't argue with the SS'.

Dining: Adolf Hitler sitting down with German officers in 1945
Dining: Adolf Hitler sitting down with German officers in 1945


Feast: Hitler and his officers sit at a table laden with fresh fruit and vegetables before the war
Feast: Hitler and his officers sit at a table laden with fresh fruit and vegetables before the war


She lived with her mother-in-law outside the HQ while she performed the bizarre role until the unsuccessful assassination attempt on Hitler's life by Claus von Stauffenberg with a briefcase bomb in July 1944.

From that moment she was confined to a school building and could only see her mother-in-law at weekends watched by the SS.

When Hitler abandoned the lair after 800 days in November 1944, a senior officer helped her escape back to Berlin by smuggling her on board Joseph Goebbels' train. 

She believes the other tasters were shot by the advancing Russians.

While she escaped a similar fate, Mrs Woelk told the Daily Express she was forced to endure a devastating ordeal when she was raped by soldiers from the Red Army.

In 1946 she was eventually reunited with the husband she had presumed dead, and the couple lived together until Mr Woelk's death in 1990.







Hitler's Jewish Army


On the murderous road to "racial purity" Hitler encountered unexpected detours, largely due to his own crazed views and inconsistent policies regarding Jewish identity. After centuries of Jewish assimilation and intermarriage in German society, he discovered that eliminating Jews from the rest of the population was more difficult than he'd anticipated. 


"Not every victim was a Jew but every Jew was a victim." -Elie Wiesel speaking of World War II.
"If there were Jews in (Hitler's) armed forces...who served knowing what was going on and made no attempt to save (lives), well then that is unacceptable and dishonorable." -Rabbi Marvin Hier, director of the Simon Wiesenthal Institute.

Thousands of men of Jewish descent and hundreds of what the Nazis called 'full Jews' served in the German military with Adolf Hitler's knowledge and approval.

Cambridge University researcher Bryan Rigg has traced the Jewish ancestry of more than 1,200 of Hitler's soldiers, including
Two field marshals
Fifteen generals, 
Two full generals
Eight lieutenant generals
Five major generals"commanding up to 100,000 troops". 
(God only knows how many Jews they killed) 

In approximately 20 cases, Jewish soldiers in the Nazi army were awarded Germany's highest military honor, the Knight's Cross.
One of these Jewish veterans is today an 82 year old resident of northern Germany, an observant Jew who served as a captain and practiced his religion within the Wehrmacht throughout the war.
One of the Jewish field marshals was Erhard Milch, deputy to Luftwaffe Chief Hermann Goering. Rumors of Milch's Jewish identity circulated widely in Germany in the 1930s.
In one of the famous anecdotes of the time, Goering falsified Milch's birth record and when met with protests about having a Jew in the Nazi high command, Goering replied, ``I decide who is a Jew and who is an Aryan.''

Rigg's research also shed light on stories surrounding the rescue by German soldiers of the Lubavitcher grand rabbi of that time, who was in Warsaw when the war broke out in 1939.
Joseph Isaac Schneerson was spirited to safety after an appeal to Germany from the United States. Schneerson was assisted by a German officer Rigg has identified as the highly decorated Maj. Ernst Bloch, whose father was a Jew.
Jews also served in the Nazi police and security forces as ghetto police (Ordnungdienst) and concentration camp guards (kapos).
So what happens to the claim that Hitler sought to exterminate all Jews, when he allowed some of them to join in his struggle against Bolshevism and International finance capitalism?
"If the Jews were permitted to serve in Hitler's armed forces then there could not have been a Holocaust."
During World War II thousands of Jews served in the Wehrmacht, many awarded the Cross for Bravery. Jews serving in the SS. Were they also in the Gestapo? As 'Gestapo' is an abbreviation of "Geheime Stadt Polizei", meaning State Secret Police.

Image of Military Service Book
Military service book of "half-Jew" Hermann Aub


Picture of a line of soldiers
Soldiers taking the oath of allegiance to Hitler

Picture of Horst Geitner
"Half-Jew" Horst Geitner was awarded both the Iron Cross Second Class and the Silver Wound Badge.
Picture of Werner Goldberg
This photo of "half-Jew" Werner Goldberg, who was blond and blue-eyed, was used by a Nazi propaganda newspaper for its title page. Its caption: "The Ideal German Soldier."

Picture of Commander Paul Ascher
"Half-Jew" Commander Paul Ascher, Admiral Lütjens's first staff officer on the battleship Bismarck; Ascher received Hitler'sDeutschblütigkeitserklärung. (Military awards: EKI, EKII, and War Service Cross Second Class.)

Picture of Admiral Bernhard Rogge
"Quarter-Jew" Admiral Bernhard Rogge wearing the Ritterkreuz; he received Hitler'sDeutschblütigkeitserklärung. (Military awards: oak leaves to Ritterkreuz, Ritterkreuz, samurai sword from the emperor of Japan, EKI, and EKII.)
Picture of Johannes Zukertort
"Half-Jew" Johannes Zukertort (last rank general) received Hitler's Deutschblütigkeitserklärung.

Picture of Colonel Walter H. Hallaender
"Half-Jew" Colonel Walter H. Hollaender, decorated with the Ritterkreuz and German-Cross in Gold; he received Hitler'sDeutschblütigkeitserklärung. (Military awards: Ritterkreuz, German-Cross in Gold, EKI, EKII, and Close Combat Badge.)

Picture of Luftwaffe General Helmut Wilberg
"Half-Jew" and later Luftwaffe General Helmut Wilberg; Hitler declared him Aryan in 1935. (Military awards: Hohenzollern's Knight's Cross with Swords, EKI, EKII.)


Picture of Fielf-Marshal Erhard Milch
"Half-Jew" and field-marshal Erhard Milch (left) with General Wolfram von Richthofen. Hitler declared Milch Aryan. He was awarded the Ritterkreuz for his performance during the campaign in Norway in 1940.


Picture of General Gotthard Heinrici
General Gotthard Heinrici, who was married to a "half-Jew," meeting Hitler in 1937.

Contrary to conventional views, Rigg reveals that a startlingly large number of German military men were classified by the Nazis as Jews or "partial-Jews" (Mischlinge), in the wake of racial laws first enacted in the mid-1930s. Rigg demonstrates that the actual number was much higher than previously thought--perhaps as many as 150,000 men, including decorated veterans and high-ranking officers, even generals and admirals.

As Rigg fully documents for the first time, a great many of these men did not even consider themselves Jewish and had embraced the military as a way of life and as devoted patriots eager to serve a revived German nation. In turn, they had been embraced by the Wehrmacht, which prior to Hitler had given little thought to the "race" of these men but which was now forced to look deeply into the ancestry of its soldiers.
The process of investigation and removal, however, was marred by a highly inconsistent application of Nazi law. Numerous "exemptions" were made in order to allow a soldier to stay within the ranks or to spare a soldier's parent, spouse, or other relative from incarceration or far worse. (Hitler's own signature can be found on many of these "exemption" orders.) But as the war dragged on, Nazi politics came to trump military logic, even in the face of the Wehrmacht's growing manpower needs, closing legal loopholes and making it virtually impossible for these soldiers to escape the fate of millions of other victims of the Third Reich.

Based on a deep and wide-ranging research in archival and secondary sources, as well as extensive interviews with more than four hundred Mischlinge and their relatives, Rigg's study breaks truly new ground in a crowded field and shows from yet another angle the extremely flawed, dishonest, demeaning, and tragic essence of Hitler's rule.

Mugshot Style Pictures of Anton Mayer
Side and front photographs of "half-Jew" Anton Mayer, similar to those that often accompanied a Mischling's application for exemption.

Sources: http://www.kansaspress.ku.edu/righit.html; http://just-another-inside-job.blogspot.com.es/2007/04/150-000-jews-in-hitlers-army.html

Los soldados judíos de Hitler


En cierta ocasión durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, el comandante supremo de la Luftwaffe y hombre de confianza de Hitler, Hermann Göring, llegó a decir: "¡Yo decido quién es judío y quién no!".
A pesar de la persecución y el holocausto que sufrieron durante la Alemania nazi, se calcula que aproximadamente 150.000 judíos pertenecieron al ejército alemán. Eran los llamados "Mischlinge".
Mischlinge era la forma de llamar a los mestizos que tenían a uno de sus dos progenitores dentro de la religión judía. Muchos de ellos se habían criado en el periodo de entreguerras como auténticos alemanes de raza aria y gracias a las "Leyes de Nuremberg" aprobadas en 1935 su condición de medio-judío les permitía alistarse como soldados.
Werner Goldberg el soldado alemán ideal era descendiente de un judío (Wikimedia Commo …
Tras el estallido de la Segunda Guerra Mundial algunos fueron expulsados del ejército debido a su ascendencia, pero otros muchos lograron continuar dentro de él, negando los orígenes hebreos de alguno de sus progenitores.

Significativo fue el caso de "Werner Goldberg" un joven soldado mischlinge que tomó parte en la invasión de Polonia, el 1 de septiembre de 1939. Su padre era un judío que había abrazado la religión luterana y su madre profesaba la fe cristiana.
Werner era alto, de cabello rubio y ojos azules. Tras el inicio de la guerra, el periódico Berliner Tageblatt publicó una gran fotografía del joven junto a un eslogan que decía: "el soldado alemán ideal" y se puso como ejemplo de raza aria, colgándolo incluso en carteles de reclutamiento. Un año después, uno de sus superiores descubrió por el apellido "Goldberg" de que se trataba de un mestizo y en 1940 fue expulsado del ejército.
Pero otros muchos descendientes de judíos pudieron hacer carrera dentro del ejército nazi. Era el caso de aquellos cuya ascendencia hebrea les venía por la parte materna, por lo que el apellido era fácilmente camuflable.
Hubo quien llegó a recibir condecoraciones y alcanzar rango de oficial.
Hermann Göring y su amigo de ascendencia judía Erhard Milch (Themarshalsbaton)
Es el caso de Erhard Milch, uno de los hombres más influyentes en el ejército y que llegó a ocupar el cargo de Generalfeldmarschall (mariscal de campo), convirtiéndose en uno de los hombres fuertes del proyecto nazi de Adolf Hitler.

El padre de Milch era judío, pero éste lo ocultó durante toda su vida declarando su propia madre que el hombre que decía ser su progenitor no lo era en realidad, llegó a oídos de la Gestapo, que se olió algo extraño en todo esto y comenzó una investigación, pero ésta fue frenada de inmediato por Hermann Göring, amigo personal de Erhard y gran valedor de éste dentro de la Luftwaffe.
La mayoría de historiadores coinciden en que fue éste el motivo por el que Göring espetó la famosa frase con la que he empezado este post.